Barcelona Spain History
Spain and Catalonia are paradise, and my travels have certainly been a surprise to me, from the beautiful coastal city of Barcelona to the historic city of Girona. La Sagrada Familia is great, but I'm more interested in the history of the city, its history and culture.
The labyrinth is the oldest city centre when Barcelona began to expand at the end of the 17th century. Under Roman occupation, Barcelona remained a labyrinth, and the city was only a colony in what is now Spain, where it was the queen of the coast. After the unification of the kingdoms of Aragon and Castile, it began to lose importance and power. The unification with the Kingdom of Aragon favoured the incorporation of Catalonia into the Crown of Aragon, so that Barcelona became the capital of a new kingdom, the Kingdom of Catalonia under the rule of King Ferdinand II of Spain.
While the rest of Spain remained Moorish, Barcelona and the other cities of the Kingdom of Aragon and Catalonia maintained their links with the rest of Europe. Barcelona and all the kingdoms of King Ferdinand II had their own language and culture, as well as their own culture.
Political relations with Madrid remained difficult and a conflict developed between Barcelona and Madrid. Barcelona took sides and was even forbidden to trade with the American colonies.
In the 14th century the situation of the Jews in Barcelona and Spain deteriorated considerably. Although Catalonia was historically Spain's most liberal region, it suffered from Franco's repression during the Spanish Civil War. It describes the beginning of the worst phase in the history of the Spanish Civil War from the mid-19th century to the early 20th century.
The Phoenicians and Greeks had already built a trading post on the water of Catalonia sometime in the history of Barcelona. The Romans were the first to be interested in it, but in the Middle Ages Barcelona was a small and insignificant city. Also at this time, the "first city of the Spanish coast" was founded, which is located just north of Barcelona.
Walks in contemporary Barcelona allow visitors to gain an intimate understanding of Catalan history and culture. This history means that Barcelona is not only a city, but also a cultural and cultural centre with a rich and diverse history.
For example, a visit to the Natural History Museum of Barcelona, one of the largest in the world, offers the opportunity to see many interesting animals, including endangered species. The museum also houses art from all eras, whether it is works by Picasso, Gauguin, Gaudi or even Leonardo da Vinci. A walk in Barcelona can also include a trip to Park Güell, which displays a collection of works by architects who have lived in and around Barcelona for some time.
Although Catalonia is a region with a long and complicated history, it also reflects an important piece of Spanish and Catalan history. The Catalans are still fighting for independence from Spain, and although the city of Barcelona is geographically and politically in Spain, it insists on independence from the country. When you talk about the history of Barcelona, you should also mention the history of Catalonia and the history of Spain. Just as Berlin is a piece of German history, Barcelona reflects both important parts of Spanish and Catalan history.
In the 20th century, Barca became a symbol representing Catalan identity as a nation, and this association lent legitimacy to politics in Barcelona and Catalonia, regardless of its scope and validity, for better or for worse.
Catalonia was founded in 988, while Spain remained Moorish, and the port of Barcelona became an important commercial centre. In the 12th century, the Catalan Principality of Barcelona, united with the Kingdom of Aragon and Catalonia, went to war against Spain and declared independence with the support of France. The Spanish offensive to bring the city back under Spanish control allied Barcelona with France in the Battle of the Pyrenees and allied with it again during the Spanish offensive of 1788. During this period Barcelona itself maintained links with Europe, but it was forbidden to trade with American colonies.
Under Franco's government, Catalonia regained its political authority and democracy, and the Generalitat was restored, making Barcelona the capital of Catalonia again. The city of Barcelona became one of the most important and attractive in Spain, and the Barcelona Football Club became the only place where large groups of people could gather and speak their mother tongue. The blue-red Barcelona has become a recognizable substitute for the red and yellow of Spain.
Today, Catalonia's image is projected in the sporting world and Messi has enabled the club to bring recognition to the world for Catalonia. As well as winning the title at Barcelona, he has also presented his team-mate Lionel Messi with the title of best player in world football.